Prospecting for Lithium

Lac Saint Simon Lithium Property, Quebec Canada

Lithium focus in Quebec

Volt's Lac Saint Simon Lithium Property is composed primarily of pink granite with pegmatites and porphyritic granodiorite. Accessory amounts of amphibolite and diabase have been mapped on the Property. Volt's primary focus is to continue to explore the property for similarities to that of the Whabouchi geology hosts some of the most important spodumene lithium hard rock deposits in the world and is located 2KM south.

Lithium at a Glance

Lithium is a chemical element with the symbol Li. It is a soft, silvery-white alkali metal. Under standard conditions, it is the lightest metal and the lightest solid element. Lithium does not occur as a pure element in nature but can occur in economic concentrations in salts from surface and subsurface brines (most of the world's supply), and in granitic pegmatites in the lithium minerals.

  • Acknowledged demand growth - batteries leading the way forward
  • Insufficient supply growth - taking projects on stream is difficult
  • Lithium accounts for roughly 2% of the cost of lithium-ion batteries
  • Prices are projected to rise and have tripled since 2003

Spodumene is the most widely used lithium mineral because of its high lithium content and occurrence.

Lithium Applications in Today's Industries

Electrical and Electronics

Lithium batteries are usually disposable with lithium compounds as an anode. Lithium niobates (lithium, niobium and oxygen) are used extensively in telecommunication products such as mobile phones and optical modulators.

Chemicals

Lithium chloride & lithium bromide are extremely hygroscopic (the ability of a substance to attract water molecules from the surrounding environment through either absorption or adsorption.) and are used as desiccant (Induces or sustains a state of dryness in its local vicinity in a moderately well-sealed container). Used in preparation of organo-lithium compounds to create strong bases in opposition of strong alkaline composites.

General Engineering

Lithium stearate is a common all-purpose, high-temperature lubricant. Promotes the fusing of metals while eliminating the forming of oxides by absorbing impurities from the base elements.

Optics

Lithium fluoride, artificially grown as crystal, is clear and transparent and often used in specialist optics for IR, UV and VUV (vacuum UV) applications. Sometimes used in focal lenses, including spectacles.

Rocketry

Its complex hydrides, such a Li[AlH4], are used as high energy additives to rocket propellants.

Nuclear

Lithium deuteride was the fusion fuel of choice in early versions of the hydrogen bomb. Lithium fluoride (highly enriched in the common isotope lithium-7) forms the basic constituent of the preferred fluoride salt mixture (LiF-BeF2) used in liquid-fluoride nuclear reactors.

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